做自己，因为别人都在做自己。– Oscar Wilde
做自己，因为别人都在做自己。– Oscar Wilde
Drones, also called unmanned aerial vehicles (or UAVs), do not require a pilot to sit in the cockpit to fly in the air. People can control drones from the ground, and even drones can fly without human intervention. So what are the uses of civilian drones?
Agriculture and animal husbandry are difficult livelihoods, and it becomes even more difficult when farmers have to span miles and thousands of acres to inspect crops and livestock. Drones cross difficult and muddy roads, look for signs of disease from the air, inspect crops, and even use chemicals such as fertilizers or herbicides. Not only save a lot of farmer’s driving (and gas) costs, but also better manage land, thereby improving overall efficiency. Drones also help farmers guard all property and equipment.
I think the high-end atmosphere is upscale, let’s talk about it. If the ubiquitous surveillance cameras are not enough, now, digital cameras are installed on drones, and they constantly fly around our city in the name of maintaining legal order. Police must apply for appropriate permits or guarantees before deploying drones to monitor citizens, and some police stations have already done so. Police use drones to monitor and hunt down areas where drugs are traded, and even help rebuild crime scenes. Police can use drones for search and rescue missions; or take routine security scans during large, crowded events. Some manufacturers are exploring drones in more depth, preparing to equip drones with tear gas and other crowd control equipment.
3. Criminal ambitions
Using drones in a legal and correct way can benefit human beings, but these drones also expose the dark side of human nature. Criminals also use various drones to commit crimes. National borders (and the border guards stationed there) are a major obstacle to drug smuggling, and often make drug smugglers abhorrent. Drones provide the possibility for drugs and other smuggled goods to cross borders at low risk. Not only are drones difficult to find by the government, but even if captured, criminals may have fled from the scene to other places.
Scientists are always looking for new ways to investigate and study bad weather. Obviously, they are more willing to do their research in a way that does not risk their lives. So there was drone involvement. These data-streaming tools about stratified temperatures, cloud structures and even more during storms can enable scientists to understand the internal structure of weather systems. There are many weather factors that affect the intensity of the storm, but with the participation of drones, researchers can combine all the data to obtain better observations and better understanding.
5. Animal tracking
The cameras and GPS capabilities of drones are a boon for those who need to track wildlife. Natural resources departments and scientists often need to track individual animals (they may or may not have tracking collars) and larger biomes to better understand their habits. Without drones, scientists often trudge through the jungle and mountains, dragging bulky and expensive equipment for research. And drones allow them to move forward smoothly, observe habitats and animals from a distance, and sometimes reduce interference with animals. Drones have been used to combat poachers. Google is funding a plan to buy drones for the World Wildlife Fund, which have cameras flying over the air to monitor illegal hunting areas that threaten endangered animals. Small and almost silent, these drones are perfect spies for criminals who plunder the country’s natural resources.
6. Disaster Relief Expert
You already know that drones help scientists track and analyze the inner workings of a hurricane. Not only that, drones can also help after these huge storms and other natural disasters. After a disaster, authorities need to conduct a loss assessment in a timely manner in order to know how many people are affected and the extent of possible disruption. To put a lot of electronic eyes in the air, drones are a cheap and efficient way. Equipped with video and infrared cameras, drones can also perform effective search and rescue missions. They can fly over a wide and distant area and find missing people in a precise search mode.
They can help First Reaction Forces such as police and fire brigades find places to set up temporary staging areas. They can find survivors, even hear their voices or find out where they are. Even if the streets are filled with insurmountable debris, drones can immediately fly into the sky and begin providing critical data. This ability to start instantly allows countless lives to be revived.
7. Forest firefighters
Wildfires are one of the major threats to people and towns. Especially in the western forests of the United States, managers use watchtowers and helicopters to find new fires and track burning fires, but these tasks are costly and time-consuming. In addition to monitoring fires and finding new ones, drones can help firefighters develop strategies. They can track the direction of the fire, focus on weather conditions that spread the fire in other directions, and alert firefighters to dangerous situations. They can even drop flame retardants to put out fires out of control. Flying drones can also enhance cell phone signals and keep firefighters in touch with headquarters. This has brought great convenience to fire protection, because in many forest fire locations, mobile phone service signals are weak or non-existent.
8. Monitor oil and gas
The oil and gas industry needs to build complex infrastructure that stretches around, all of which are difficult to monitor. However, sending a drone will make it more efficient. For example, it is well known that offshore oil rigs are difficult to access. They are miles offshore, and thousands of them are scattered across the Gulf of Mexico. With drones, engineers on shore can check safety issues, detect oil spills, and inspect rigs to prevent unauthorized entry. Both gas and oil require miles of pipeline, making it very difficult for companies to keep an eye on them. At this time, the drone is sent to fly along the pipeline route, and its automatic camera sends back a series of images to monitor nearby or distant problems.
Drones are not only suitable for security, they can also be used to explore the earth to find new oil and gas energy sources. If equipped with the appropriate laser and infrared detectors, these drones can also study the terrain to find places where energy can be stored.
Seeing this, is it incredible that a small drone can play such a big role. China’s drones have also developed rapidly in recent years, and drones have played different roles in various fields.
We know that drones can achieve military exploration, long-range strikes, intelligence gathering, etc., and what role do they have in the civilian field? First of all, we must know that drones are a relatively broad concept, not just limited to drones. There are also self-driving cars. Since drones are so large in large fields, what kind of benefits can drones bring to us in the civilian field? Let me introduce them to you below.
In agriculture, drones can observe crop growth and harvest, spray pesticides, fertilize, and plant seeds. For animal husbandry, agricultural drones can also be used to monitor animals and collect animal data.
In terms of construction, inspection drones can realize project monitoring and supervision, and can at a glance understand the progress of the project, just like a contractor, maybe the future drones can also replace the workers to achieve engineering construction.
In the express delivery industry, express drones can already be delivered to your door. Although the current drone’s load capacity is not strong, express drones are still a very promising application, especially in those areas with inconvenient traffic or dangerous areas such as mountainous areas. .
Drones can be used to monitor the ecological environment, and can also monitor animals without disturbing them, and contribute to the protection of nature.
In the past, aerial photos were only obtained by large news companies using helicopter aerial photography. If you use aerial photography of drones, you can save costs, and drones can enter more complex areas, collect news materials, and you can do simple Face to face interview.
It seems that the application of drones is very extensive and the practicability is very strong. No wonder more and more countries are vigorously developing drones. Drones not only have certain advantages in military, but also have great advantages in civilian use. Role. At present, the major drone manufacturers are developing more and more in the drone industry. The future drones will have a wider application space.
What are the main application areas of industrial drones? What are the main applications of drones in industrial grades? What are the industrial drone applications including? Some people have such doubts. At present, industrial drones are an efficient and convenient auxiliary means to replace the original tools to serve the unmanned aircraft in the daily work of all walks of life, with their unique advantages in personal The demand in the commercial and commercial markets is constantly increasing, and it will play an important role in more fields in the future. So what are the main application areas of industrial drones? Let me share with you:
I. Agricultural Plant Protection
Plant protection drones have huge market prospects and are also the first profitable area for the civilian drone market. During the two sessions this year, the Central Ministry of Agriculture instructed: According to statistics, in 2016, the area of plant protection drones nationwide exceeded 28 million mu, and the number of plant protection drones nationwide exceeded 6,000.
Build high-altitude wireless Internet. Currently, less than 50% of the world has internet access and 60% of the population does not have access to the Internet. Of these, 1.6 billion people live in remote areas that cannot be covered by mobile networks. Drones will be very promising in the field of communications.
Third, security inspection
With the rapid development of China’s mobile communications industry, the coverage of communication base stations has become wider and wider across the country, and high-density construction and inspections have been increasing. Especially, most of these new jobs are in remote areas with relatively poor operating conditions, such as Harsh environment or sparsely populated mountain villages and borders Gobi. By choosing a suitable UAV platform, the problems of high labor cost, high operation intensity, high operation risk, incomplete and accurate detection data, etc. are greatly alleviated, so as to achieve optimization and improvement of operation efficiency and benefits.
Fourth, the base station function expansion
That is, through the 5G prototype network based on local exchange of base stations and network switching between multiple sites, real-time control tests are performed on the drone, and the function of sharing the network site between the drone and ordinary commercial mobile phone users is realized.
V. Information Services
As a data acquisition platform with higher efficiency and stronger adaptability to various environments, drones will be important air data ports for smart cities in the future. They can make full use of communication and information technology methods such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, optical networks, and mobile Internet. By sensing, transmitting, integrating and analyzing key information of the core system of urban operation, it intelligently responds to various needs of activities such as public services and social management.
6. Personal aerial photography and entertainment
The rise of consumer drones has allowed consumers to buy drones on the fly, turning aerial photography from the unique skills of a few professional players into an activity that everyone can try and enjoy.
Seven, logistics and transportation
Due to the vast area of China and the influence of transportation, logistics and transportation still cannot meet the needs of everyone, while drones are less affected by factors such as terrain and transportation, and are convenient and intelligent. Therefore, the future will also be promising as logistics transportation.
What are the main application areas of industrial drones and what are the industrial drone industry applications? Of course, there are many main application areas of industrial drones, such as power inspection, emergency rescue, aerial photography. , Water conservancy application, pesticide spraying, aerial surveying and mapping, land and resources, tourism, pipeline inspection, medical industry, maritime supervision, agriculture and forestry, logistics and transportation, traffic control, meteorological monitoring, anti-terrorism and anti-riot. With the continuous improvement of the technical level of industrial drones, it is believed that the application will become more and more widespread.
5G technology innovation is providing deeper possibilities for drone applications. It is self-evident that to fly higher, faster, and farther, drones need more complete communication links, faster image transmission, and remote low-latency control. The birth of 5G is even more powerful for drones.
However, any innovation, especially in the Internet sector, has faced the same problem for a long time. The relevant regulatory measures often lag behind the pace of technological innovation. The same is true for drones. When UAVs are flying in the sky with 5G technology, the “black flying” phenomenon that may be exacerbated by this is also worthy of attention.
According to relevant regulations, drones can only fly in low-altitude and isolated airspaces specifically assigned to drone system operations. They cannot fly in converged airspaces operated by manned aircraft. Before flying, they must apply to the air traffic control department for flight airspace and plans. Action cannot be taken until approved. Any other flight is called “black fly”. However, many unmanned aerial vehicles currently fail to strictly abide by relevant state regulations, causing unauthorised intrusions into public and sensitive areas, accidental falls, affecting the normal takeoff and landing of passenger aircraft, and collisions with high-rise buildings, such as “black flying” incidents.
The dangers caused by “Black Fly” are obvious. According to reports, if a consumer-grade drone weighing 0.5 kg to 50 kg collides with an aircraft flying at high speed, it will cause different degrees of damage to the aircraft, which may seriously lead to the tragedy of human death. Previously, due to improper control, many drones have caused the avoidance, delay of many civil aircraft, and even broke into military restricted areas, hit buildings, hurt innocent people, eavesdropped, and secretly photographed the privacy of strangers’ families.
With the continuous innovation and application of technologies such as 5G, the future prospects of drones will be better, which also makes regulation more urgent.
Strengthening regulatory innovation is necessary. According to relevant regulations, drones need to be reported in advance, which involves both civil aviation departments and military agencies. “Stuck” in any link will lead to a loss of flight planning. It is worth discussing whether this kind of supervision method of “three feet off the ground must be reported” is suitable for “low, slow and small” drones. Next, how to better improve the utilization of airspace resources, how to classify and set up airspace, how to simplify the approval process, and how to strengthen operational management need to be fully considered and scientifically demonstrated in the top-level design of comprehensively launching low-altitude airspace management reform Bold reforms.
Relevant legislation must also keep up. The use of drones, especially entertainment applications, is becoming more and more extensive, and the scope is getting wider and wider, but the regulatory measures introduced in various places still seem to be “headaches and foot pains.” At present, it is necessary to deeply study the necessity and importance of the introduction of special laws on drone management, to truly control the drones, so as to promote the healthy development of the drone industry and control the spread of the “black flying” phenomenon.
At the same time, it is also necessary to innovate supervision methods to urge related enterprises to comply with legal production and operation. From the perspective of the entire industrial chain of research and development, production, sales logistics, use supervision, and scrap recycling, through the multi-dimensional collaborative research and comprehensive measures of law, management, and technology, to ensure the safe, orderly, and sustainable development of the drone industry.
In short, drones must fly higher and more securely without the escort of the rule of law. It is expected that the introduction of relevant laws and regulations can provide a reliable basis for curbing “black flying” and make drones better serve people’s lives.
From September 15 to 18, 2011, the first China Tianjin International Helicopter Expo approved by the State Council was held in Tianjin Binhai New Area. On that day, the Chinese drone independent aircraft group quietly became the highlight of the exhibition.
At present, the production of drones is mainly led by the United States, Israel and Russia. China’s drone industry started late and is still in a catch-up situation. China’s leading MMC Aerospace Technology Co., Ltd.’s drone products have become the pride of the times, and its products have been successfully applied in many fields such as national defense construction, aerial surveying and mapping, power surveying, and disaster detection.
The composite materials and innovative modular structure manufactured by MMC UAV have filled many domestic blanks, realized many high-tech breakthroughs, and achieved the first batch production of domestic drones. Uav (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) is the English translation of unmanned aerial vehicles. Including fixed-wing drones, rotary-wing drones and unmanned airships, collectively referred to as drones. UAV’s aerodynamic body, imaging sensor system and data processing software and transmission system are the “four major pieces” of the UAV low-altitude working system.
The state’s construction of railways, highways, geological exploration, forest fire prevention, agricultural smuggling, grassland pest investigation and treatment, earthquakes, avalanches, mudslides, floods and other emergency investigations, statistical estimates are the opportunities and battlefields of UAV. UAV is also an effective means for the government to implement investigation and rescue, rescue plans, disaster relief programs, and the first time to reach the disaster site.
For example, to build a railway of hundreds of kilometers, the engineering plan urgently needs 1 meter resolution drawings. Compared with the satellite remote sensing image with a resolution of up to 0.3 m, the UAV’s low-altitude aerial survey can be accurate to 5 cm and can generate 3D landscape data. If you rent a satellite with a resolution of 1 meter, the orbital imaging width is only 11 kilometers per day. Even if it is guaranteed to be sunny every day, it will take one and a half months. Obviously, the speed is too slow and the construction period is delayed. Although the maneuvering large aircraft aerial survey has good flexibility, it will be subject to high price, strict air traffic control, state secrets and weather conditions, and approval of layers for approval. It is difficult to meet the strict requirements of construction period, construction time and construction tasks. How to do? Only use UAVs that are convenient, fast, accurate, and cost-effective.
The UAV can be photographed in a cloudy cloud, flying low, and can fly 50 meters from the ground for clear images. The UAV flies slow and has a speed of tens of kilometers per hour, which is flexible enough to cope with complex terrain conditions. And the manufacturing cost is low, there is no need for special airports and pilots, and it can be used for flexible take-off and landing.
In the field of drones, process and design are not all manifestations of strength. The real core technology is also flight control software. The craftsmanship is exquisite and the processing is meticulous. For example, the company’s wingspan is a two-meter fixed-wing UAV. The quality of the wings on both sides is only 5 grams, which ensures the stability and balance of the drone in flight. At the same time, MMC UAV’s unique modular design enables quick disassembly and installation of components such as wings and tails on both sides, facilitating part replacement.
Experience the aerial landscape in the 5G exhibition hall of the World Expo.
All the way to the magnificent “Zhonghua Garden” in the park, the “International Pavilion” of Chi Meijuan, the beauty of the plant, the beauty of the garden, after you took a photo, did you imagine how beautiful the world is? ? China Mobile and the World Park together, set up a “5G network UAV” in the park, take you to the top of the world park, overlooking the beautiful Sichuan.
When it comes to drones, everyone must be very familiar. In recent years, drones can be said to be explosive developments. Previously it was only used for military purposes, but now it is not strange in our daily lives. To achieve aerial viewing, ordinary drones must be copied, transmitted, and edited after flight shooting. The high cost, cumbersome process, and low-definition experience are always irritating, but through China Mobile 5G Network. The 4K high-definition camera and panoramic camera equipped with man-machines can transmit ultra-high-definition video in real time, allowing people to immerse themselves from the panoramic view of the world through the 5G network and VR.
The transmission capacity brought by 5G network and the computing and distribution capability of edge computing technology have greatly expanded the application of drones. The 5G network UAV can cooperate with the garden to carry out major cultural performances and landscape HD in the park. The panoramic broadcast will not only be able to experience exciting scenes without delay, anytime, anywhere, but also allow more visitors who cannot come to the park to enjoy the scenery of the park.
The 5G-based networked drones are not the first to perform in China. On September 25, 2018, in the Chaozhou Scenic Area, the old salt warehouse in Haining, Zhejiang Province, a drone had been circling over the river. During the live broadcast of CCTV, when Qianjiang turned back to the tide and provoked the key moment of “Chongtianlang”, CCTV broadcasted two screens simultaneously on the TV screen, all the way is a panoramic view of CCTV reporters on the helicopter. All the way is a high-definition close-up picture returned by the drone through the 5G network. It can be seen that the two-way picture constitutes the perfect combination of near-distance, the distance is 100 meters high, the momentum is magnificent, the weather is tens of thousands, the close-up is close to the tide, the waves are splashing, the waves are splashing, and the high-definition picture makes people feel as huge. Water vapor is coming.
The problem of the Caton in the live webcast is a problem that often plagues people. Sometimes, when you watch too many people, the network signal will be delayed, especially when watching world-class performances and sports events. China Mobile uses 360-degree panoramic video and real-time 5G network transmission of drones. After video decoding, people can experience the aerial landscape in real time in the 5G exhibition hall of the World Expo.
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